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Salt solutions (part two)

          --- part one ---
AcO-
(AcO)2Ca 1; 1.5M
AcOK 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8M
(AcO)2Mg 1M
AcONa 1; 2; 3; 4M
pH of Ac K/Na solutions
AcONH4 1; 2; 3; 4M
CO3-
K2CO3 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6M
KHCO3 1M
Na2CO3 1; 2M
NaHCO3 1M
(NH4)2CO3 1; 2; 3; 4; 5M
Br-
KBr 1; 2; 3; 4; 4.5M
NaBr 1; 2; 3; 4; 5.5M
Cl-
CaCl2 1; 2; 3; 4; 5M
CoCl2 1; 1.5M
CsCl 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7M
KCl 1; 2; 3; 3.5M
LiCl 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9; 10; 11; 12M
MgCl2 1; 2; 3; 4M
MnCl2 1; 2; 3M
NaCl 1; 2; 3; 4; 5M
NH4Cl 1; 2; 3; 4; 5M
NiCl2 1; 1.5M
RbCl 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6M
ZnCl2 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9; 10M
ClO4-
NaClO4 1; 2; 3; 4M


          --- part two ---
SxOy2-
Cs2SO4 1M
CuSO4 1M
K2SO4 0.5M
KHSO4 1; 2M
MgSO4 1; 2; 2.5M
MnSO4 1; 2; 2.5M
Na2SO3 1; 1.5M
Na2S2O3 1; 2; 3M
Na2SO4 1M
NaHSO4 1; 2M
(NH4)2SO4 1; 2; 3; 4; 4.5M
NiSO4 1M
ZnSO4 1; 2; 2.5M
NO3-
AgNO3 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6M
PO42-
I-
KI 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6M
NaI 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7M
Other:
NaN3 1; 2; 3; 4; 5M
KMnO4 0.5M
Na3C6H5O7 1M
Na3C6H5O7 1M

 Supplement.
The densities of solutions were taken from "Reference book of chemist". (1964) Volume III, "Chemistry", Moscow-Leningrad, 2nd edition, Ed. B.P.Nikolskij. The original data are available on the page "Densities of salt solutions".








    About the recalculation of recipes for the arbitrary volumes:


    SxOy2-

    Cs2SO4

    Cesium Sulfate, Cs2SO4, Mw=361.9g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    Cs2SO41M361.9g/M28.00418.095g36.19g90.48g
    H2O mQ71.99646.52ml93.04ml232.6ml
    1M; p=1.2923, 20oC

    CuSO4

    Copper Sulfate, CuSO4, Mw=159.6g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    CuSO41M159.6g/M13.8417.980g15.96g39.90g
    H2O mQ86.15949.675ml99.35ml248.38ml
    1M; p=1.1531, 20oC

    K2SO4

    Potassium Sulfate, K2SO4, Mw=174.3g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    K2SO40.5M174.3g/M8.1794.36g8.715g21.79g
    H2O mQ91.82148.92ml97.84ml244.59ml
    0.5M; p=1.0655, 20oC

    KHSO4

    Potassium Bisulfate, KHSO4, Mw=136.17g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    KHSO41M136.17g/M12.4956.809g13.62g34.04g
    H2O mQ87.50547.68ml95.36ml238.41ml


    1000ml/
    136.17g/M1M2M
    KHSO4 [g]136.17
    272.34
    H2O [ml]953.63
    904.36
    %(w/w)12.49523.144
    H2O %(w/w)87.50576.856
    p (g/ml) 18oC1.08981.1767

    MgSO4

    Magnesium sulfate, MgSO4x7H2O; Mw=246.48g/M; (store at NT).
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml150ml
    MgSO4x7H2O1M246.48g/M22.1712.32g24.65g36.97g
    H2O mQ77.1343.28ml86.55ml129.83ml
    1000ml/
    246.48g/M1M2M2.5M
    MgSO4x7H2O [g]246.48
    492.96
    616.2
    H2O [ml]866.02
    724.24
    650.8
    %(w/w)22.15640.50048.635
    H2O %(w/w)77.84459.50051.365
    p (g/ml) 20oC1.11251.21721.267

    MnSO4

    Manganese Sulfate, MnSO4, Mw=151.00g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    MnSO42M151.00g/M23.78715.10g30.20g75.50g
    H2O mQ76.21348.38ml96.76ml241.9ml
    1000ml/
    151.00g/M1M2M2.5M
    MnSO4 [g]151
    302
    377.5
    H2O [ml]988.2
    967.6
    954.9
    %(w/w)13.25523.78728.332
    H2O %(w/w)86.74576.21371.668
    p (g/ml) 15oC1.13921.26961.3324

    Na2SO3

    Sodium Sulfite, Na2SO3, Mw=126.0g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    Na2SO31M126.0g/M11.3696.30g12.60g31.50g
    H2O mQ88.63149.115ml98.23ml245.58ml
    1000ml/
    126.0g/M1M1.5M
    Na2SO3 [g]126
    189
    H2O [ml]982.3
    969.2
    %(w/w)11.36916.318
    H2O %(w/w)88.63183.682
    p (g/ml) 19oC1.10831.1582

    Na2S2O3

    Sodium thiosulfate (sodium hyposulfite), Na2S2O3, Mw=158.11g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    Na2S2O33M158.11g/M35.57023.72g47.43g118.58g
    H2O mQ64.43042.96ml85.92ml214.79ml
    1000ml/
    158.11g/M1M2M3M
    Na2S2O3 [g]158.11
    316.22
    474.33
    H2O [ml]961.19
    913.68
    859.17
    %(w/w)14.12625.71135.570
    H2O %(w/w)85.87474.28964.430
    p (g/ml) 20oC1.11931.22991.3335

    Na2SO4

    Sodium Sulfate, Na2SO4, Mw=142.04g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    Na2SO41M142.04g/M12.7077.102g14.20g35.51g
    H2O mQ87.29348.79ml97.58ml243.94ml
    1M; p=1.1178. 20oC

    NaHSO4

    Sodium Bisulfate, NaHSO4, Mw=120.06g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    NaHSO41M120.06g/M11.0566.00g12.01g30.02g
    H2O mQ88.94448.29ml96.58ml241.46ml
    1000ml/
    120.06g/M1M2M
    NaHSO4 [g]120.06
    240.12
    H2O [ml]965.84
    926.38
    %(w/w)11.05620.585
    H2O %(w/w)88.94479.415
    p (g/ml) 20oC1.08591.1665

    (NH4)2SO4

    Ammonium Sulfate, (NH4)2SO4, Mw=132.1g/M
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    (NH4)2SO43M132.1g/M33.28919.82g39.63g99.08g
    H2O mQ66.71139.71ml79.42ml198.55ml
    1000ml/
    132.1g/M1M2M3M4M4.5M
    (NH4)2SO4 [g]132.1
    264.2
    396.3
    528.4
    594.45
    H2O [ml]939
    870.1
    794.2
    713.3
    671.25
    %(w/w)12.33323.29233.28942.55546.966
    H2O %(w/w)87.66776.70866.71157.44553.034
    p (g/ml) 20oC1.07111.13431.19051.24171.2657

    NiSO4

    Nickel Sulfate, NiSO4, Mw=154.76g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    NiSO41M154.76g/M13.4467.738g15.48g38.69g
    H2O mQ86.55449.81ml99.62ml249.06ml
    1M; p=1.1510. 18oC

    ZnSO4

    Zinc Sulfate, ZnSO4, Mw=161.45g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    ZnSO4x7H2O2M287.5g/M44.18728.75g57.50g143.75g
    H2O mQ55.81336.315ml72.63ml181.58ml
    1000ml/
    287.5g/M1M2M2.5M
    ZnSO4x7H2O [g]287.5
    575
    718.75
    H2O [ml]867.5
    726.3
    651.15
    %(w/w)24.89244.18752.467
    H2O %(w/w)75.10855.81347.533
    p (g/ml) 20oC1.15501.30131.3699


See also:
/web-links/

    NO3-

    AgNO3

    Silver Nitrate, AgNO3, Mw=169.9g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    AgNO33M169.9g/M36.13125.485g50.97g127.43g
    H2O mQ63.86945.05ml90.10ml225.25ml
    1000ml/
    169.9g/M1M2M3M4M5M6M
    AgNO3 [g]169.9
    339.8
    509.7
    679.6
    849.5
    1019.4
    H2O [ml]968.2
    935.7
    901
    866.2
    830.7
    792.9
    %(w/w)14.92826.64136.13143.96450.55956.249
    H2O %(w/w)85.07273.35963.86956.03649.44143.751
    p (g/ml) 20oC1.13811.27551.41071.54581.68021.8123

    PO42-

    KH2PO4

    Potassium Phosphate Monobasic, KH2PO4, Mw=136.1g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    KH2PO41M136.1g/M12.4846.805g13.61g34.03g
    H2O mQ87.51647.71ml95.41ml238.53ml
    1M; p=1.0902, 10oC

    (none) Preparation of 1 M Potassium Phosphate buffer.   


    Desired pH1M K2HPO41M KH2PO4
    1M K2HPO41M KH2PO4
    5.88.5ml91.5ml
    6.013.2ml86.8ml
    6.219.2ml80.8ml
    6.427.8ml72.2ml
    6.638.1ml61.9ml
    6.849.7ml50.3ml
    7.061.5ml38.5ml
    7.271.7ml28.3ml
    7.480.2ml19.8ml
    7.686.6ml13.4ml
    7.890.8ml9.2ml
    8.094.0ml6.0ml

    Na3PO4

    Sodium Phosphate Tribasic, Na3PO4, Mw=163.94g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    Na3PO40.5M163.94g/M7.5874.10g8.20g20.49g
    H2O mQ92.41349.92ml99.84ml249.61ml
    0.5M; p=1.0804, 15oC

    Na2HPO4

    Sodium Phosphate Dibasic, Na2HPO4, Mw=142.0g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    Na2HPO40.5M142.0g/M6.6083.55g7.10g17.75g
    H2O mQ93.39250.17ml100.34ml250.85ml
    0.5M; p=1.0744, 18oC

    NaH2PO4

    Sodium Phosphate Monobasic, NaH2PO4, Mw=120.0g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    NaH2PO41M120.0g/M11.0946.00g12.00g30.00g
    H2O mQ88.90648.085ml96.17ml240.43ml
    1000ml/
    120.0g/M0.5M1M
    NaH2PO4 [g]60
    120
    H2O [ml]980.4
    961.7
    %(w/w)5.76711.094
    H2O %(w/w)94.23388.906
    p (g/ml)1.04041.0817

    NaPi

    (none) 1M (pH 7.2): 6.68% (w/w) Na2HPO4, 0.52% (w/w) H3PO4, 92.80% H2O.


    (none) Preparation of 1 M Sodium Phosphate buffer.   


    Desired pH1M Na2HPO41M NaH2PO4
    1M Na2HPO41M NaH2PO4
    5.87.9ml92.1ml
    6.012.0ml88.0ml
    6.217.8ml82.2ml
    6.425.5ml74.5ml
    6.635.2ml64.8ml
    6.846.3ml53.7ml
    7.057.7ml42.3ml
    7.268.4ml31.6ml
    7.477.4ml22.6ml
    7.684.5ml15.5ml
    7.889.6ml10.4ml
    8.093.2ml6.8ml

    I-

    KI

    Potassium Iodide, KI, Mw=166.0g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    KI6M166.0g/M58.54349.80g99.60g249.00g
    H2O mQ41.45735.265ml70.53ml176.33ml
    1000ml/
    166.0g/M1M2M3M4M5M6M
    KI [g]166
    332
    498
    664
    830
    996
    H2O [ml]952
    904.2
    855.5
    805.8
    755.6
    705.3
    %(w/w)14.84826.85636.79345.17652.34658.543
    H2O %(w/w)85.15273.14463.20754.82447.65441.457
    p (g/ml) 20oC1.11801.23621.35351.46981.58561.7013


    NaI

    Sodium Iodide, NaI., Mw=149.9g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    NaI6M149.9g/M53.87244.97g89.94g224.85g
    H2O mQ46.12838.505ml77.01ml192.53ml
    1000ml/
    149.9g/M1M2M3M4M5M6M7M
    NaI [g]149.9
    299.8
    449.7
    599.6
    749.5
    899.4
    1049.3
    H2O [ml]962.6
    925.5
    887.5
    848.8
    809.6
    770.1
    730.3
    %(w/w)13.47424.46733.63041.39748.07353.87258.963
    H2O %(w/w)86.52675.53366.37058.60351.92746.12841.037
    p (g/ml) 20oC1.11251.22531.33721.44841.55911.66951.7796


    NaN3

    Sodium Azide, NaN3, Mw=65.01g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    NaN33M65.01g/M17.5819.752g19.50g48.76g
    H2O mQ82.41945.71ml91.43ml228.57ml
    1000ml/
    65.01g/M1M2M3M4M5M
    NaN3 [g]65.01
    130.02
    195.03
    260.04
    325.05
    H2O [ml]970.79
    942.78
    914.27
    885.16
    857.05
    %(w/w)6.27612.12017.58122.70727.498
    H2O %(w/w)93.72487.88082.41977.29372.502
    p (g/ml) 20oC1.03581.07281.10931.14521.1821

    KMnO4

    Potassium Permanganate, KMnO4, Mw=158.0g/M;
    Conc.Stock%(w/w)50ml100ml250ml
    KMnO40.5M158.0g/M7.5073.95g7.90g19.75g
    H2O mQ92.49348.67ml97.34ml243.35ml
    0.5M; p=1.0524, 15oC

    Citrate

    Na citrate

    Sodium Citrate, Na3C6H5O7x2H2O (store at 4oC):
    Conc.Stock% (w/w)50ml
    Na3C6H5O7x2H2O1M294.1g/M25.1314.705g
    H2O mQ74.8743.8ml
    p=1.17

    Isocitrate

    Na isocitrate

    Sodium isocitrate, Mw=258.1g/M; (store at 4oC).
    Conc.Stock% (w/w)500µl10ml
    C6H5O7Na31M258.1g/M22.350.129g2.58g
    H2O mQ77.65448µl8.97ml
    1M: p=1.155.
    .


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